Procedure under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

Заголовок: Procedure under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination ag Сведения: 2024-05-16 04:58:20

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, adopted on December 18, 1979, guarantees the right of all women not to be discriminated against and enshrines the obligations of States parties aimed at ensuring the legal and practical implementation of this right.

The main obligations are set out in Parts I−IV of the Convention (articles 1-16).

The Convention's complaints mechanism is provided for in its Optional Protocol, which was adopted on 6 October 1999. It is a separate treaty open to the States parties to the Convention. States that have become parties to the Optional Protocol recognize the competence of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, a group of 23 independent experts that meets three times a year, to receive complaints from persons under their jurisdiction who claim to be victims of violations of their rights under the Convention.

The complaints considered by the Committee under the complaints procedure cover issues such as the failure of State authorities to provide adequate protection for women victims of domestic violence; forced sterilization; stereotypes affecting women's right to a fair trial; lack of laws and regulations governing access to abortion for medical reasons; conditions of detention, not taking into account the special needs of women; or inadequate medical care in connection with pregnancy, resulting in the death of the victim.

 

 

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